Old Summer Palace, also known as Yuanming Sanyuan, is a large royal garden in the Qing Dynasty. It is located in the northwest suburb of Beijing, adjacent to the Summer Palace, and is composed of Yuanmingyuan, Changchun Garden and Hunchun Garden. It is also called Yuanming Sanyuan. In addition, there are many small gardens, distributed in the east, west and south, surrounded by stars and arches.
The Old Summer Palace covers an area of more than 350 hectares and has a building area of 200,000 square meters and more than 150 scenes. It is known as the “Garden of Wanyuan”. Every time the Qing Emperor came to the summer to enjoy the summer, listen to politics, and deal with military and political affairs, it is also called "summer palace."
On October 6, 1860, the British and French coalition forces looted the Old Summer Palace, looting the cultural relics, burning it, and repairing it with the rule of the emperor. Later, due to financial difficulties, they were forced to stop and rebuild other buildings. After the Eight-Power Allied Forces, they were again hit by bandits and eventually became ruins.
At this point, Old Summer Palace has passed fire robbery, wood robbery and stone robbery, Old Summer Palace buildings, trees, masonry have disappeared. After the Japanese occupation in 1940, the food in Beijing was tense, so it rewarded land reclamation. From then on, the farmers gradually entered the park to fill the lake in Pingshan, and open the fields to plant rice. Old Summer Palace is a place where the success of the lake in the early Qing Dynasty, which has been painstakingly managed for more than 150 years, is beyond recognition.
Old Summer Palace, established and operated by the Qing Dynasty for more than 150 years, has been well-known for its grand geographical scale, outstanding construction skills, exquisite architectural landscape, rich cultural collections and profound national cultural connotations. Known as "a model of all gardening art", the French writer Victor Hugo is hailed as "a model of ideals and art."