The Forbidden City in Beijing is the royal palace of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in China. It was formerly known as the Forbidden City. It is located in the center of Beijing's central axis and is the essence of ancient Chinese palace architecture. The Forbidden City in Beijing is centered on the three main halls. It covers an area of 720,000 square meters and has a construction area of about 150,000 square meters. There are more than 70 large and small palaces and more than 9,000 houses. It is one of the largest and most preserved ancient wooden structures in the world.
The Forbidden City in Beijing began construction in the Ming Dynasty (1406), and was built on the foundation of the Nanjing Forbidden City. It was completed in the 18th year of Yongle (1420). It is a rectangular city, 961 meters long from north to south, 753 meters wide from east to west, with a wall of 10 meters high on all sides and a moat with a width of 52 meters outside the city.
The buildings in the Forbidden City are divided into two parts: the outer dynasty and the inner court. The center of the outer dynasty is the Taihe Temple, the Zhonghe Temple, and the Baohe Temple. They are collectively called the Three Great Halls and are the place where the state holds a grand ceremony. The center of the inner court is the Qianqing Palace, the Jiaotai Hall, and the Kunning Palace, collectively known as the Housan Palace. It is the main palace where the emperor and the empress lived.
The Palace Palace is surrounded by a 12-meter-high, 3,400-meter-long palace wall in the form of a rectangular city wall surrounded by a 52-meter-wide moat that forms a castle with strict barriers. The Forbidden City has 4 doors, the main entrance is the Noon Gate, the East Gate is named Donghua Gate, the West Gate is named Xihua Gate, and the North Gate is named Shenwumen.
At the front palace of the Forbidden City, the architectural style required magnificence, the courtyard was open and broad, symbolizing the supremacy of the feudal regime. The Taihe Hall is located in the center of the diagonal of the Forbidden City, with ten auspicious beasts on each corner. The designers of the Forbidden City thought that this would show the emperor's majesty and shock the world.
Known as the world's five major palaces (Beijing Forbidden City, Versailles, France, Buckingham Palace, White House, Russian Kremlin), the Forbidden City is the national AAAAA tourist attraction. It was listed as the first national key cultural relics protection unit in 1961. In 1987 it was listed as a World Cultural Heritage.
In the 22nd year of Emperor Kangxi (1683), the rest of the destroyed buildings in the Forbidden City began to be rebuilt, and it was basically completed in the thirty-fourth year of Kangxi. After the Qing Dynasty entered the customs, according to the old example of the Ming Dynasty, Emperor Shunzhi and Emperor Kangxi both used the Qing Palace as the main venue for living and dealing with the political affairs. After Emperor Yongzheng became in the throne, he began to move to the Yangxin Temple.
After the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949, a large-scale renovation of the Forbidden City building was carried out, and a large number of cultural relics were sorted out. In 1961, the State Council promulgated the National Palace Museum as a national key cultural relics protection unit. There are 1.5 million pieces of cultural relics in the Palace Museum. In 1987, the Forbidden City was listed as a "World Cultural Heritage" by UNESCO and became the "National Palace Museum."
There are a large number of precious cultural relics in the Forbidden City in Beijing. According to statistics, there are a total of 1,052,653 pieces, collectively referred to as 1 million pieces of cultural relics, accounting for 1/6 of the total number of Chinese national cultural relics. As of December 31, 2005, the total number of first-class cultural relics in the collections of cultural relics collection units of the Chinese Cultural Relics System has reached 109,197, and all of them have been filed in the State Administration of Cultural Heritage for the record. Among the 1,330 collections that preserve the first-class cultural relics in the country, the Palace Museum topped the list with 8,273 (sets) and received many unique national treasures.
The ticket price of the Forbidden City in Beijing is 60 yuan in the peak season and 40 yuan in the off-season. On July 1, 2014, the Beijing Forbidden City's current-limited diversion scheme announced a pilot scheme, specifically three pilot schemes – the annual ticket scheme, the theme free open day scheme, and the one-day diversion scheme. The National Palace Alumni is based on the real-name system. The annual ticket is issued in the natural year, and the next year's annual ticket is issued in October. According to the annual ticket plan, you can visit the tour ticket 10 times (excluding the special hall) within one year (natural year), and the next year's annual ticket will be released in October every year.
The Forbidden City Online Store was officially launched on January 1, 2015. The Palace Museum cultural products, including mascots, are sold through e-commerce channels. The Forbidden City Mall contains various types of cultural and creative products such as court children's fun, court house, court home, court digital, and court costumes.
Beijing City, take 1 Road, 2 Road, 52 Road, 59 Road, 82 Road, 99 Road, 120 Road, 126 Road, Sightseeing Line 1, Night 17 Road, Night 1 Road, Night 2 Road, Special 2 Road in Tiananmen Get off at the East Station and walk about 900 meters to the Meridian Gate. Or, take the No. 1, No. 5, No. 52, No. 99, Sightseeing, Line 1, Night 1 and No. 2 buses and get off at "Tiananmen West", then walk about 1,000 meters to enter from the Noon Gate.
Take Subway Line 1 and get off at "Tiananmen East" Station. Walk about 900 meters and you can enter the Forbidden City from the Meridian Gate.
There is no parking lot in the Forbidden City, and the surrounding public parking lot is also far away, so it is not recommended to drive.