Danxia Mountain (China Redstone Park) is located in Renhua County, Shaoguan City, Guangdong Province, between 113°36′25′′ to 113°47′53′′ east longitude and 24°51′48′′ to 25°04′12′′ north latitude. With a total area of 292 square kilometers, it is the largest scenic spot in Guangdong Province, a scenic spot dominated by Danxia landforms and a world natural heritage site.
Danxia Mountain is the world's "Danxia Landform" named place. It consists of more than 680 pieces of flat, steep, and gentle red gravel rock, featuring Chibi Danya. According to the research of geologists, more than 1,200 Danxia landforms have been found in the world, with the most typical, most complete, and most abundant Danxia landforms.
Between 140 million and 70 million years ago, Danxia Mountain is a large inland basin. It was affected by the Himalayan orogeny. The surrounding mountains were strongly uplifted. The basin received a large amount of detrital sedimentation and formed a thick red stratum. Before and after, the earth's crust rises and is gradually eroded. Since the 6 million years ago, the basin has experienced several intermittent rises, with an average increase of about 1 meter per 10,000 years. At the same time, the watershed is cut and the Danxia red layer is cut into a red mountain group, which is now the Danxia Mountain Scenic Area.
There are more than 680 large and small stone peaks, stone walls, stone pillars and Tianshengqiao in Danxia Mountain. The research on the formation, structure, geomorphology, development process, camping force, natural environment and ecological evolution of Danxia Mountain is the most in the Danxia landform area in China. Detailed and in-depth, it has become a research base for Danxia landforms in the country and the world, as well as a science education and teaching practice base.
Since its development in 1988, Danxia Mountain has been listed and rated as a national-level scenic spot, national nature reserve, national geological park, national AAAA-level tourist scenic spot, national AAAAA-level tourist scenic spot, five national brands, February 2004 On the 13th, it was approved by UNESCO as the world's first global geological park.
Located on the southern slope of the Nanling Mountains, Danxia Mountain is a subtropical southern margin with a subtropical monsoon humid climate with a transition from the mid-subtropical to the southern subtropical. The annual average temperature of Danxia Mountain is 19.7 °C, the extreme minimum temperature is -5.4 °C, the extreme maximum temperature is 40.9 °C, and the maximum monthly average day is 18.8 °C. The hottest month in July has an average temperature of 28.3 °C, and the coldest month has an average temperature of 9.5 °C. The average maximum temperature and the average minimum temperature are characterized by an autumn higher than spring.
In plant resources, it has obvious characteristics of transition between mid-subtropical and southern subtropical. There are 216 families, 891 genera and 1916 species in Danxia Mountain. Among the endemic species of Danxia Mountain, Danxia Wutong, Danxia Nancan, and Danxia Xiaocao Moss are the most prominent and representative. There are 13 species listed in the National Key Protected Wild Plants List (1999), of which the Chinese otter is a Grade I key protection.
In animal resources, the good ecological environment of wild animals is preserved. Danxia Mountain has 88 species of mammals, 288 species of birds, 86 species of reptiles, 37 species (or subspecies) of amphibians, 100 species or subspecies of fish, and 1023 species of insects.
In 1995, Danxia Mountain was approved by the State Council to establish a national nature reserve, which is a national nature reserve with the main protection object of “Danxia Landform”. In 2009, the Shaoguan Danxia Mountain National Nature Reserve Administration was officially established in Guangdong.
In January 2004, Danxia Mountain, the name of Danxia Landform, was selected as one of the world's first world geoparks, opening the journey of Danxia to the world. Danxia landform (Fanxia landform) was first named in the Danxia Mountain in 1928. After four centuries of scholars such as Zeng Zhaoxuan, Huang Jin and Peng Hua, they continued their in-depth research and became the outstanding research results of the Chinese geosciences.
Danxia Mountain is divided into Danxia Scenic Area, Lanshi Scenic Area, Bazhai Scenic Area, Xianren Scenic Area and Jinjiang Gallery Tourist Area. The Elder Peak Scenic Area, Yangyuan Stone Tourist Area and Xianglong Lake Tourist Area have been developed in Danxia Scenic Area. Jinjiang Gallery and Bazhai Scenic Spot are mainly based on natural landscape sightseeing.
The main peak of Danxia Mountain distinguishes the upper, middle and lower landscape layers. The lower level is the Jinshiyan scenic layer, which has been built in the Northern Song Dynasty, such as Jinshi Rock Cave Temple, Mengjueguan, Tongtian Cave, Baizhang Gorge and the most typical Chibi Danya. The middle layer is the Bijie Temple, and there is a Bishop Temple, one of the top ten forests in Lingnan, and there are attractions such as Yitiantian and Shuangchi Bihe.